General medicine

General medicine deals with the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of disease, disorder and injury in animals.

Dental services

In an added effort to provide your pet with quality care, we offer pet dental services in our veterinary office. It is estimated that 80% of pets exhibit the beginning stages of periodontal disease by age 3, which is why dental exams and teeth cleanings are essential. Also, studies indicate that pets with good dental care tend to live 2 to 4 years longer than pets with bad oral hygiene. While periodontal disease is entirely preventable, when left untreated it can lead to heart disease, kidney infection, liver infection, or stroke. Reasons for regular dental check-ups:

  • Avoid tooth loss due to periodontal disease.
  • Help your pet avert unnecessary pain.
  • Help your pet maintain healthy and functional teeth.
  • Improve foul breath
  • Prevent potential damage to the brain, heart, liver, lungs, and kidneys.
What does a pet dental exam involve?
Pets can experience many of the same dental issues that humans do, including gingivitis, periodontal disease, necessary tooth extraction, and deep scaling. Regular dental exams and cleanings can help you avoid the added cost of  dental procedures and can help prevent your pet from unnecessary exposure to anesthesia. Pet dental exams are similar to human dental exams and involve teeth cleaning. Additional services offered include sedation dentistry and dental X-rays. If more serious conditions are discovered tooth extraction might be required. During your pet's teeth cleaning, a veterinary technician will gently clean the surface of the teeth with an ultrasonic scale that cleans using the vibration of sound waves and water. The waves push the water creating tiny scrubbing bubbles that implode on tooth surfaces and kill microbes as they separate plaque from the tooth structure. After scaling the teeth, the technician lightly buffs and polishes your pet's teeth to complete their dental cleaning. After the cleaning, we will provide you with a comprehensive analysis of your pet's oral health. You will receive at-home oral hygiene tips specific to your pet, and if any serious dental conditions exist, you will be notified prior to any treatment planning.
Some simple home hygiene tips are:
  • Brushing your pet's teeth as little as one time a week can cut down on 50-60% of tartar build-up.
  • Dental products specifically designed for pets, including CET toothpaste, can help protect gums and reduce tartar.
  • Dry pet food is better for teeth than canned food; it causes abrasion to tooth surfaces when chewed, helping remove tartar build-up.  Our clinic has Hill's t/d and Royal Canin Dental that are dental specific kibble that you can feed your pet as meals or treats.
  • There are many pet toys that support dental health. Buying your pets these toys not only entertains them, but offers a dual purpose in helping clean teeth.
Remember, creating a smooth clean tooth surface makes it more difficult for tartar and plaque to build up! If you would like to schedule a professional dental cleaning for your pet, call our office to schedule an appointment, and allow your pet to experience a healthy smile!


Most pet owners are unaware that scratching, licking, biting, and chewing are signs of a possible underlying skin problem. While there are over 150 different skin diseases that can affect pets, managing these flare-ups are possible.
Skin disease or irritations can cause a great deal of distress for your pet. Although they cannot communicate verbally, pet's do tend to show some signs of discomfort when dealing with skin problems. As owners,  it is important to catch these skin reactions before it progresses. Pay attention to your pet's reaction after eating, playing outside, and interacting with other animals. During your appointment, our veterinarian will discuss your observations to determine which laboratory tests would help diagnose or treat your pet's skin issues. At our veterinary practice, we offer dermatological testing and treatment for all animals which can help your pet live comfortably.  
Common dermatological issues for pets:
  • Auto-immune disorders 
  • Ear infections
  • Flea allergy dermatitis
  • Hair loss
  • Hormone disorders
  • Parasitic, bacterial, or fungal infections
  • Skin allergies caused by contact, environment, or food
  • Skin cancer
What does treatment involve? Our veterinarian will work with you and your pet to determine a treatment plan that is appropriate for your pet's needs. Trying to find the best method of therapy is an ongoing process that may take several attempts in order to discover an effective treatment. To help with the diagnosis, we may perform the following tests to supplement our initial prognosis of your pet's condition: 
Biopsies - A biopsy is often performed to diagnose various skin cancers and auto immune skin disorders. A biopsy is executed by removing the affected skin, processing it, and examining the sample under a microscope. By enlarging the area, the veterinarian can usually determine the underlying issue. We always send out our biopsy samples for a more extensive diagnostic. This test may take up to 7 days to process.
Blood Testing - This technique entails testing the protein in the blood to determine which allergens your pet reacts to. We send out our samples to an out-house laboratory for more extensive diagnostics depending on the tests to be performed on these samples. These tests may take up to 7 days to process. 
Skin Cultures - If your pet exhibits a skin disorder that is resistant to all previously tested forms of treatment, a skin culture is typically used to test numerous treatments at one time. This will help determine a successful treatment to heal the affected skin without continually unsettling your pet. 
If you have any questions about pet dermatology or think your pet might have a skin condition, contact our veterinary hospital today.

Veterinary ophthalmology

Eye care for animals

Our ophthalmology treatments focus on eye care and ocular disease prevention. Our annual pet vision exams evaluate current eye health, measuring tear production, eye pressure, and potential corneal scratches. If more serious animal eye issues are detected, such as glaucoma, cataracts, early vision loss, or dry eye problems, they will be addressed and treated. During the diagnosis period, all options and recommendations will be thoroughly discussed so we can build an effective and comfortable vision procedure for you and your pet.

Indications of pet eye problems:

  • Abnormal growth near or on the eye
  • Behavioral changes, namely a sense of depression
  • Bumping into objects or seemingly lost in a familiar setting
  • Discoloration of the iris or pupil
  • Hazy film over pupil
  • Increase in discharge from eyes
  • Pawing and rubbing eyes
  • Red, swollen eyes
  • Sensitivity to light or squinting
Preventing and improving pet vision problems
The following tests are performed during our routine pet vision exams. If serious problems are detected, treatment options, such as ointments, drops, including surgery, will be discussed.
Fluorescein Stain - By inserting drops of a florescent green stain on the eye, the veterinarian will be able to detect secretion from any sores. The bright green stain rests in scratches and on wounds so the veterinarian can easily detect them.
Intraocular Pressure Test - The veterinarian will use an instrument that reads eye pressure and rest it gently on the surface of the eye.
Schirmer Tear Test - The veterinarian will place a small strip of test paper beneath your pet's eyelid with the intention of irritating the surface of the eye. This irritation will cause the eye to water, allowing the vet to test the amount of tears produced per minute.

How does pet vision differ from human vision?
Pet vision is vastly different from human eyesight with the primary distinctions being visual acuity and color spectrum. Pets have fewer cones in their retina, limiting the amount of colors they can see. Because of this, pets can only distinguish between yellow, white, blue, violet, and black. Your pet also has a much wider field of vision than humans do, but their acuity is limited to a range of about 20 feet. The final difference is pets have an additional structure in their eye called a tapetum. This tapetum enables pets to have more accurate night vision by gathering light and increasing what is able to be seen.
If you have any questions about veterinary ophthalmology or would like to arrange for a routine pet eye exam, please contact us today for an appointment.

Diagnostic imaging

Diagnostic imagery

In an effort to provide your pet with superior medical care, we offer diagnostic imaging services to supplement prognosis. Medical imaging employs the use of machinery to give photographic representation of abnormalities or injuries. In performing diagnostic imaging, our veterinarians can provide safe, accurate diagnosis and promptly treat the problem.

Reasons for diagnostic imaging are:

  • Assess facial swelling and dental problems
  • Detect possible bladder infections
  • Determine the location of broken bones or bone fractures
  • Evaluate the status of a pet's pregnancy
  • Help identify if a pet has heart disease
  • Locate foreign bodies that a pet might have swallowed
Types of diagnostic imaging:
Digital Radiography - Our veterinary clinic utilizes digital X-rays (radiographs) for their high quality contrasting images. Because of their accuracy, digital radiography are a great tool to diagnose all the internal organs, bones and to locate any benign or malignant masses.** Our certified technicians are able to take fewer images resulting in less pet discomfort and minimize exposure to radiation. Digital X-rays also project less radiation than traditional X-rays, which allows your pet to avoid over exposure. 
Ultrasound (Sonography) - Ultrasounds use sound waves to create a two dimensional picture of the body from the inside. This imaging tool is perfect for pets in sensitive situations such as pregnancies, pets who are suffering from immense pain and to locate any abnormalities. Ultrasounds are very gentle and are a useful way of examining many of our pet's internal organs including but not limiting to the:
- Liver                                    - Uterus                                                - Heart and blood vessels
- Gallbladder                          - Ovaries                                              - Spleen
- Bladder                                 - Scrotum                                            - Thyroid 
- Kidneys                                - Pancreas                                            - Parathyroid
What does diagnostic imaging involve?
The process for getting images of your pet depends on what type of diagnostic that is being performed and the size of your pet. For smaller pets, images are often taken with the pet lying down in various positions that allow our veterinarians to examine the problem area. Pets with a disease or condition often feel increased anxiety and stress. Because of this stress, they can be uncooperative during digital imaging procedures. In these situations, our staff patiently tries to make your pet feel comfortable and guide them to cooperate. If a pet is aggressive or remains unwilling, the veterinarian may opt to sedate your pet while performing diagnostic imaging. 
If you have any questions or need digital imaging services, please feel free to contact our veterinary hospital.


Health exams for animals

Our veterinary clinic is dedicated to providing pets with compassionate care. In offering cardiology services, we can better evaluate and treat heart and lung diseases, working towards improving quality of life. Our annual pet health exams enable our staff to detect early indicators of heart disease, which is one more reason why an annual check-up is important for your pet's well-being.

Diagnostic imaging is initially used when a disease or condition is suspected. This non-invasive method of obtaining information allows our veterinarians to determine existence, severity, and location of a condition or disease. After diagnosis, our physicians will discuss with you the best plan of action for your pet.

Possible indications of heart disease:

  • Coughing that lasts longer than three days
  • Inability or refusal to sleep at night
  • Shortness of breath, wheezing, or rapid breathing
  • Sudden changes in pet behavior and an inclination to isolate themselves
  • Sudden episodes of fainting, or unexplained collapses
  • Swelling in the abdomen 
What do cardiology diagnostics involve?
Diagnostics could involve a variety of different procedures. Upon examining your pet, the veterinarian will decide which method is necessary under the circumstances.
Blood Pressure - Routine blood pressure measurements during your pet's wellness exam is critical. High blood pressure can cause heart failure.
Blood Tests - Blood tests examine blood cells and enzymes levels. Some changes could correlate to heart failure.
Digital X-rays - Radiography allows the veterinarian to examine the heart, lungs, and bones. From an X-ray, your pet's physician can determine enlargement of the heart or fluid build-up in the lungs. 
ECGs - An ECG allows the physician to monitor heart rate and rhythm, allowing the possible detection of abnormalities.
Ultrasound - Ultrasounds let the physician see a 2-dimensional image of the heart and its chambers. From this image, they can observe blood flow and check for any heart murmurs and shunts.


Animal euthanasia

Losing a pet is a delicate situation, and we understand the difficulty in having to make that final decision. Our dedicated veterinarians are skilled in assessing pain management and do not recommend euthanasia casually. We also insure that the process of putting your pet to sleep is carried out in a humane manner.

During the procedure, pet owners are welcome to be in the room as their pet passes, and if requested, a pet can be sedated prior to administering euthanasia. The final injection is a chemical that mimics an overdose of anesthesia, allowing your pet to fall into an eternal sleep. As it enters the bloodstream, the chemical targets the brain and heart, first preventing nerves from sensing pain, then gradually stopping the heart from beating.

While the decision to euthanize a pet is heart-wrenching, it is important for a pet owner to consider the pet's suffering before their own. In circumstances where putting your pet to sleep offers them relief from physical anguish, this can be the best decision you can make for your pet.

Common reasons for euthanasia:

  • Illness that would cause suffering if the pet were kept alive 
  • Organ damage that cannot be repaired
  • Rabies
  • Terminal illness such as cancer
What happens after euthanasia?

After putting your pet to sleep, you can opt to have your pet cremated with or without ash return or buried at the nearest pet funeral home. Because saying goodbye is difficult, we recommend having after care arranged prior to your visit for euthanasia. No matter your decision, we offer a safe and loving environment for you to make the best decision for you and your family. 

If you have any questions about the process of euthanasia, or want to schedule an appointment to see if it would be beneficial for your pet's condition, contact our kind veterinary clinic at your convenience.