Cats are exceptionally intelligent creatures that can provide affection and entertainment.
Cats are one of the most common domestic pets. They are exceptionally intelligent and can provide affection and entertainment.
The average feline lifespan ranges from 13 to 26 years, so everyone considering the purchase of a cat should be prepared for a long-term commitment. Cats have extraordinary hearing capabilities and have eyes that are well-adapted to low light situations. In deciding to purchase a cat, you first have to determine whether you want an adult cat or a kitten. Adult cats tend to be easier because they are typically litter box trained; they have already developed their personality so you know upon purchasing what temperament your cat is going to have; and they readily adapt to a new home just as easily as kittens do. Most new pet owners desire a kitten because they're small and adorable. Kittens require more veterinary care, they need extra attention to litter box train, and don't have fully developed personalities, so you don't know what kind of cat your kitten will grow to be.
Supplies every cat owner needs
- Break-away cat collar
- Cat carrier
- Cat litter box
- Cat litter
- Litter box scoop
- Food dish
- Water dish
- Quality cat or kitten food
- Cat toys
The difference in cats breeds
When selecting a cat, it is important to choose a breed that fits with your lifestyle. Different breeds have distinct temperaments and needs: long-haired cats require more grooming, and some breeds are more independent while others prefer to sit on your lap. The following are some of the most common cat breeds along with specific personality traits:
Bengal - affectionate, very lively and playful. They need a lot of attention to be happy. Love water and are skilled hunters. They are more vocal than other breeds.
Cornish Rex - a very active cat with impressive agility. Playful throughout adulthood and eager to play games and fetch. Fun fact: the short hair does not make them a hypoallergenic breed, allergic reactions from cats are from their saliva and urine.
Maine Coon - curious and affectionate, these cats are great companions. Can be trained to fetch and walk in a harness as they have a high level of energy and need daily activities. Fur requires weekly brushing and grooming.
Persian - perfect cat for a family because they adapt well to their environment. Is the most mellow breed of cat and is also very loving. Are very quiet, but do require a lot of grooming and maintenance since they have an extremely long and thick coat.
Ragdoll - very intelligent, docile and affectionate. Considered a lap cat, but like to be active.
Siamese - a very loving cat that thrives on human attention. Because of their piercing blue eyes, they have reduce vision in the dark.
Tonkinese - have a short, thick coat and are an extremely intelligent and vocal cat. They enjoy attention and companionship and are great for multi-pet households or families with children.
Feline Nutrition Since cats are carnivores, it is recommended to buy a well balanced feline commercial food to ensure that they receive all the daily nutrients necessary for a healthy life.
- Commercial cat food (wet and dry)
Cats are usually very independent beings that do not crave attention, though some breeds do want to remain close to their owner at all times. Typical cat behaviors include purring, hissing, kneading, and ear or tail motion. Purring indicates contentment with their current surroundings although it can also be a sign of pain. Hissing is a defense mechanism meant to scare off a predator when in danger or when in pain. Kneading is a sign of happiness. Fear can be noted when a cat pins their ears back towards the sides of their head. The tail has various movements that denote meaning: a tail held up is a sign of welcoming; an upright tail with the sway of the tip is an invitation to play; and a fully swaying tail is a sign of annoyance. Cats are instinctual hunters and usually have little meals throughout the day. Occasionally, your cat will bring you back their game, either dead or alive, as a sign of affection. Wild mother cats do this for their young to feed them and teach them how to hunt. Your pet cat is possibly trying to do the same. Cats also enjoy scratching. Frequent scratching can ruin furniture, so provide a scratching post and toys. You can encourage them to use it by spraying their belongings with pheromone products such as Feliway. One of the biggest challenges with cats is managing their heat cycles. Getting cats spayed or neutered is a great way to avoid reproduction. Female cats are known to scream in search of a mate, which can become aggravating. They are also prone to running away when in heat. Male cats spray odorous urine on walls, furniture, and carpeting to mark their territory and notify potential mates. The smell can be overwhelming and make your home an undesirable place to be.
As with any pet, prior research and understanding of a pet's needs ensures a happy life together.